Career Opportunities


The varied sub-disciplines of Botany and Zoology result in a wide choice of possible careers, which include the following:

  • Teachers/Lecturers
  • Biology teachers and Botany/Zoology lecturers at universities will inspire in young people the required knowledge and enthusiasm about our unique fauna and flora
  • Anatomists/Morphologists - study the inner and outer structures of organisms
  • Plant Physiologists/ Plant biochemists - deal with the study of growth and development of plants
  • Ecologists - study of plants and animals in relation to the environments in which they occur, particularly emphasizing the interactions between plants, animals and their environment
  • Systematists - specialise to identify and classify plants and animals
  • Mycologists - engage themselves in the study of fungi
  • Ethnobotanists - involved in recording the use of indigenous plants for food, fibre, medicinal and a host of other purposes
  • Plant Geneticists - occupy themselves with the breeding of new and improved existing plant crops
  • Molecular Systematists – study organisms and their interrelationships using biochemical characters
  • Nature Conservation Scientists/Conservation biologists - study our fauna and flora and their conservation
  • Plant Pathologists - study organisms that cause plant diseases
  • Weed Scientists - study invasive plants, in combination with their biological and chemical control
  • Reproductive Biologists - specialise in the study of reproductive mechanisms of organisms
  • Parasitologists – study of the organisms living on hosts
  • Limnologists – study of the water quality and the factors affecting it

Employment agencies:

Governmental departments, regional and local authorities, such as:

•  Department of Education

•  Department of Water Affairs and Forestry

•  Conservation (various departments)

•  Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism

•  Department of Water Affairs and Forestry

•  Department of Agriculture

Private and Governmental departments such as:

•  Medical and veterinary laboratories

•  Wildlife and environmental management - water management, pollution control, population genetics

•  Community water and sanitation agencies

•  Environmental consultancy in any biological field

•  Environmental health and welfare

•  Education and training - at all levels

•  Academic research

•  Forensic science